"Houses, schools, factories, railway stations - we are surrounded by buildings. Most of them look ordinary, yet they may have surprising stories to tell. How and why were they built? Who lived in them? What were their links with other events? And who first found out their history? This book will help you discover these hidden tales for yourself. It explains basic research techniques, and guides you to the best places to find revealing evidence."
Fundamentals of Building Construction Materials and Methods Second Edition Edward Allen This remarkably complete introduction to the art of building sets the materials and building systems in an historical context. This unique evolutionary approach to building construction includes a description of how materials are obtained and processed, an outline of the people and organizations who work with each material, their tools and working methods, and the role of one building system in relation to others. Chapters include a listing of key terms and concepts useful in enlarging a technical vocabulary, review questions that underscore key concepts, and exercises that apply lessons to real-life situations. 1990 (0 471-50911-6) 803 pp. Understanding Infrastructure A Guide for Architects and Planners George Rainer This landmark reference--written for concerned professionals--describes the basic mechanisms essential to city function. Each element of infrastructure is discussed--from water supply, sewers and storm drainage, solid and hazardous wastes, energy, telecommunication, streets, bridges, to water-front infrastructure, rail/transit and aviation, buses, and parks--and set in a context familiar to the design professional. Includes an extensive discussion of standard and innovative solutions as well as relevant environmental, legal, and economic considerations. 1990 (0 471-50546-3) 278 pp. Construction Specifications Writing Principles and Procedures Third Edition Harold J. Rosen and Tom Heineman The classic guide to the principles and practice of specifications writing has been fully updated to reflect the latest AIA and CSI standards, the newest computer applications to spec writing, and the linkage of key databases to specifications. Retaining the format of its successful predecessors, this Third Edition outlines the basic principles, concepts and uses of specifications, showing how they relate to contract documents developed by the architect and engineer. Specific guidelines include methods for establishing the scope and general requirements of the project specification, evaluating and specifying building materials, and writing specifications that conform to industry standards in style and format. 1990 (0 471-61892-6) 286 pp.
How 15 major industrial corporations were able to pay dividends without interruption for more than a century each, and the lessons this holds for corporations today, as they struggle to survive in the turmoil of uncertainty and economic globalization. Grossman and Jennings examine 15 industrial companies, each with a century of uninterrupted dividends, and find in their values and management styles unique characteristics that other companies today would be well advised to understand and seek to emulate. Each of the 15 knew they were in business for one purpose: To make money-- and each knew what it had to do to make it. They also knew what they would not do. Dynamic, questioning, always in search of ways to march in step with a changing society, they constantly asked themselves one critical question: What business are we in? The answers they found, the principles of management they discovered and practiced, the values they recognized and adopted--all helped them prosper. Not only did they survive but they also paid dividends to their shareholders in all kinds of economic weather. Now, in an era of gurus and buzzwords, fad theories, and du jour approaches to business success, the stories of these companies reaffirm the simple, timeless precepts. They remind managers of any growing company that there are indeed notions, principles, and management techniques that have proved themselves over time, and which still have the strength to guide organizations today toward a profitable, enduring corporate life. The authors assert that no one before them has examined companies with long-term success, as defined by their ability to pay dividends without interruption. In fact, in the history of U.S. industry there have only been 15. Through World War I, II and the Depression, they managed to have the earnings and the will to provide their shareholders with an annual return on their investments. For the same reason we study historical figures to learn who they are, what they did, and what their accomplishments mean for us today, so too do we study these uncommon 15. They offer straightforward insights into how businesses grow and survive. The companies and their stories exhibit common links: Strong corporate values, the importance they placed upon employees, the strengths gained from the longevity of their corporate leaders, and the role played by diversification--all helped make their ongoing successes possible. Anecdotal but solidly research-based, engrossing and readable, with diagrams and other illustrations to help today's managers evaluate their own organizations and plans for growth, the book will be a major contribution to our understanding of the past, and a view of what might be the best in the future of today's organizations.
A group of common-or-garden scientists and engineers plot a course for Planet 121-131, a new planet which they figure has the potential to be terraformed into a new Earth. Upon reaching the planet, they begin to perform tests on it, slowly understanding that the place seems to disobey all known physical laws. Indeed, this unknown, extreme planet gradually reveals itself as so far out of leftfield that it throws everything the crew know about themselves, and the universe into question. The planet bends truth and reality, it blinks in and out of existence. This Schrodinger's cat of a place wants them nowhere near it, but curiosity draws them closer and closer to it, like a force field, until the ultimate confrontation is reached. Does curiosity kill the cats? This philosophical science fiction tale comes from the much-praised pen of the genre-writing tyro, AJ Kirby, the author of Sharkways, Paint this town Red, Perfect World and Bully.
This book is an archival reference for the evolving field of biomaterials and their applications in society, focusing on their composition, properties, characterization, chemistry and applications in bioenergy, chemicals, and novel materials and biomaterials.Â Â It has broad appeal due to the recent heightened awareness around bioenergy and biomass as potential replacements for petroleum feedstocks.Â Â The book is divided into three parts: cellulose-based biomaterials, chitin and chitosan biomaterials, and hemicelluloses and other polysaccharides.Â Each chapter addresses a separate biomaterial, discussing its chemical, physical, and biological attributes, and hones in on each compound'sÂ intrinsic tunabilityÂ for numerous chemical transformations.Â Â In the current quest for a "green" economy and resources, this book will help inspire scientists towardsÂ novel sources for chemicals, materials, andÂ energy in the years to come.
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